Air source heat pumps use basic thermodynamic principles to convert latent heat contained within the air we breathe into energy that can be used to provide heating and hot water

Why install a Grant heat pump?

There are two types of air source heat pump – ‘air to air’ and ‘air to water’. The Grant Aerona uses an air to water system which utilises heat energy captured from the air in ‘wet’ heating system radiators or underfloor heating. The process uses the same vapour/compression cycle that extracts heat in a domestic fridge. A refrigerant with a low boiling point is exposed to external air temperatures in an evaporator. The liquid boils off to a gas and absorbs the latent heat energy of the air. This gas is then compressed increasing the heat content in the refrigerant, before passing through a heat exchanger where it condenses back to a liquid state while transferring the heat to the water of the heating system. The liquid refrigerant is then re-circulated through the evaporator and the cycle is repeated.

The heat source used by Grant Aerona³ heat pumps is entirely renewable which helps reduce the amount of harmful greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere and, in so doing, lowers the carbon footprint of the household.

Air source heat pumps must be correctly sized to ensure that it can provide the required amount of heat output at the design conditions – typically when the outside temperature is at -3°C. To do this an installer must first accurately determine the heat loss from the property and then, using this information, correctly select the required size of heat pump based on the design outside air temperature.

The heat loss from the property must be determined from a full room by room heat loss calculation for the property concerned and not from:

  • The output of the previously used gas or oil fired boiler
  • An estimated heat requirement based on the floor area or building volume
  • The use of a simple heat loss calculator (e.g. Mears calculator)
  • The Energy saving Trust ‘Whole House Boiler Sizing’ simplified calculation method

The declared heat outputs for all ASHP’s are based on the average UK outside air temperature of 7°C. However, as mentioned above, a suitable ASHP has to be selected that will deliver the required heat output at the design outside air temperature (typically -3°C) when there is less heat energy in the air for the ASHP to draw from. At -3°C, the output of the ASHP will be reduced (typically to around 80% of the declared output). It is this lower heat output value that must be used when selecting the size of ASHP to be installed. The installer should ensure that any proposed ASHP system has been correctly sized and the unit selected in this way before proceeding with the installation.


Grant Aerona³ air source heat pumps are guaranteed for one year from the date of installation, unless the installation is more than six months from the date of purchase in which case the guarantee period will commence six months from the date of purchase. The guarantee period will be extended to a total of two years (excluding consumable items) if the product is registered within 30 days from installation, subject to being serviced annually and installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. On completion of the installation, the heat pump must be commissioned and the online guarantee registration submitted to Grant Engineering (UK) Ltd.

Heat pump cylinders
Grant has a range of stainless steel cylinders specifically matched to the Aerona, which incorporate a larger primary coil for quicker heat transference. The cylinders are available in seven indirect single coil versions, ranging from 125-400 litres and five indirect twin coil versions ranging from 170-400 litres. Grant Heat Pump cylinders feature compression fittings which are conveniently located to make installation quicker and easier. For further information, click here.

Air Source Heat Pump Case Studies

Property developer chooses Grant Biomass for new build

With any new build, how to heat it efficiently and effectively are a designer’s high priority and this was no more evident than on a fantastic new residence in Grimsby. A large PV array was installed in the garden to provide sufficient power to the property and also take advantageRead More

Local Authority upgrades sheltered housing with Grant

Sheltered housing schemes in Archway Gardens and Willow Road featuring renewable products from Grant UK, have been instrumental in helping Stroud District Council (which won the prestigious 2010 Green Energy Award for being the South West’s most proactive Local Authority), with its green housing energy initiative. The award recognises theRead More